Home care is designed for seniors who prefer to live independently in their own homes and hire outside assistance when needed. Home care agencies provide two main types of services: non-medical or skilled care.
Non-medical care, also known as supportive care, is provided by private home care agencies. Services include assistance with personal care (bathing, grooming, and dressing), in addition to meal preparation, housekeeping, and running errands. Supportive care may also include medication reminders, help with prescribed therapy exercises, and transportation to medical appointments. Non-medical services can be arranged for any amount of time needed, ranging from an hour of respite to 24-hour home care.
Skilled Care is provided by Medicare certified home health agencies. Services include nursing care, therapy (physical, occupational, speech, and respiratory), as well as social services and hospice care. Following a specific plan of care, and under the supervision of a skilled discipline such as a nurse or therapist, a home health aide may provide personal care for a limited time. Skilled services are provided on an intermittent basis, with scheduled home visits to homebound clients only, under a plan of treatment ordered by a physician.