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Types of Long Term Care / Senior Housing
Several senior housing options are designed to meet the needs and personal preferences of senior citizens throughout the aging process. Meeting personal needs such as comfort, security, social opportunities, and health care persuade many seniors to opt for relocating versus aging at home.
Basically long-term care housing options fall into three main categories based upon the level of care and types of services provided: Independent Living / Retirement Communities, Assisted Living Facilities, and Skilled Care / Nursing Homes. There are variations of these which might include combinations of two or even all three types of senior housing on same campus offered in Continuing Care Retirement Communities.
Independent Living may include senior apartments, residential care homes and retirement communities. Independent Senior Communities enable seniors to live among their peers however they must be able to care for themselves. Amenities vary from none to offering daily meals, recreational and social activities, transportation, 24 hr security and housekeeping services.
Assisted Living is for those who may need some assistance with daily activities but do not require 24 hour supervision and medical care. Assisted Living Facilities have staff to help with personal care in addition to housekeeping, laundry, and transportation services. Assisted Living also allows seniors to live with their peers and participate in social and recreational programs. Some Assisted Living facilities provide care to Alzheimer's residents but may be limited to those with less advanced illness and security needs.
Nursing Homes provide skilled care and assistance 24 hr daily and are for those who have many care requirements and cannot live independently. Nursing Homes provide rehab care on short-term basis and long-term care for those with health care needs that other housing cannot accommodate. Specifically designed Alzheimer's' care units may be located within Nursing Homes that provide high level of security for safety.